Grammar is the way in which words are put together to form proper sentences. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences, right up to the structure of whole texts.
When you’re talking about grammar, it’s useful to know some basic terms. The following are called parts of speech and they each have their own function.
A noun names a person, place, thing, animal, quality, idea, activity, or feeling. A noun can be singular, plural, or possessive. For example:
- I live in America.
- I love to play with my dog.
- Perry is my sister.
- Indian Ocean is very vast.
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun, like “I,” “you,” or “they.” For example:
- Look at Harry. He is a good boy.
- Please light their fire.
- They went to the museum.
- We were playing poker with friends.
A verb shows action and can be a main verb (such as “run” or “sit”) or a helping verb (such as “were” or “has”). For example:
- I will play the piano (Will = Helping verb, Play = Action Verb).
- I will be a Cricketer (Will = Helping verb, Be = Linking Verb).
- I have a dog (have = Main verb, Action Verb).
- I am cooking dinner for my family. (am = helping verb)
Adjectives are words that describe or modify other words such as sweet, red, or technical. For example:
- Jenny wore a pair of faded jeans.
- Since it’s a hot day, Luccy is wearing a sleeveless
- The mountain tops are covered in sparkling
- This black coffee tastes disgusting.
An adverb modifies a verb and shares more information about it, including how much, when, where, why, or how. For example:
- I almost missed the ball.
- She arrived early to their first date.
- The dinner party went badly.
- Jack answered the question correctly.
A preposition is a word used to link nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence. For example:
- The salt is beside the pepper
- I work faster at night.
- I first met Jenny in 2009.
- We will not leave before 8pm
A conjunction is a part of speech that is used to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences. Common conjunctions include “but,” “and,” and “or.” For example:
- I tried to hit the nail but hit my thumb instead.
- I have two dog and a cat.
- Would you like the chicken or the steak?
- She ate pizza and chips for dinner.
Interjections demonstrate emotion. Like “hurray,” “uh-oh,” and “alas.” For example:
- Yay! I’m so excited you’re here !
- Hurrah! We won the match !
- Wow! What a beautiful house !
- Ouch! It hurts !
A determiner is a word that introduces a noun. It always comes before a noun and it also comes before any other adjectives used to describe the noun. For example:
- The John went home.
- His father is out of city.
- Any person can do this.
- The metal cans are recyclable.